Category Archives: Automotive

Replacement Brakes From My Automaker

You don’t have to buy any replacement parts from the original manufacturer when it comes to so-called “wear” items such as brake pads, windshield wiper blades, air filters and the like. Several companies make replacement parts that meet or exceed specifications set by the manufacturer, and these are the parts you’re most likely to get when you have your car serviced at a repair shop that’s not affiliated with a dealership.

Are these replacement parts as good as the ones that come with the vehicle manufacturer’s name on the box that you’d get at a dealership? In many cases, yes, and some may even be of higher quality. On the flip side, there are also a lot of cheap, knockoff replacement parts that are inferior to original equipment, so beware of parts you find online or in stores that are priced way below the going rate elsewhere. You’ll definitely get what you pay for.

If you’re concerned about what parts a repair shop is putting in your car, ask them to detail the parts before you give them the go-ahead to perform any work, and ask your mechanics why they’re using that particular brand. Reputable repair shops use reputable parts. Some repair shops that advertise low prices for services such as brake-pad replacement may save money by using lower-quality parts. Better parts also tend to come with longer warranties, so ask about that.

Keep in mind that vehicle manufacturers don’t make most of the parts that go into their vehicles, including brake pads and rotors. They buy them from suppliers that make them to a manufacturer’s technical and quality requirements. Replacement parts may come from the same supplier that made the original equipment parts but have a different name on the box.

Dealerships often promote their service departments by advertising that they sell and install “genuine” manufacturer replacement parts. Because that ensures they’ll fit properly and meet all performance standards, that’s a good thing.

What need you do if your brakes are squeaking

If your brakes are squeaking, squealing or making ominous grinding noises when you apply the pedal, you might need new brake pads and/or rotors. Ditto if the pedal has more travel than usual before you feel much braking force, or if it just feels like your car requires longer distances to stop. If the red brake warning light on the dashboard lights up when you push on the pedal, you probably missed earlier warning signs and need to head straight to your repair shop.

Related: How Do I Know When to Change My Brake Pads and Rotors?

Sometimes, though, you may hear squeaks or squeals because the brakes are coated with moisture, light surface rust or dirt or grime, particularly after the car has been sitting either overnight or for several hours. Those noises might go away after you apply the pedal a few times or more (and the pads have cleaned the offending substance off the rotors or drums). Noise can also be caused by a loose brake pad or caliper.

If you hear a high-pitched scraping sound, that could be pad-wear indicators sounding the alarm that you’re late in getting your brakes fixed.

Because there are several possibilities, the best way to tell if you need brake work is to ask a repair shop to inspect the condition of the entire brake system, including the rotors (or rear drums on some vehicles), the pads (the friction material that squeezes against rotors or drums), the calipers and other hardware, and the master brake cylinder and fluid lines going to each wheel.

Your ears and how the brakes feel and perform can tell you a lot about the condition of your braking system, but a repair shop can tell you more about what’s wrong and what needs to be fixed. Excessive pedal travel could mean worn pads, for example, but it could also be caused by low brake fluid. While the symptoms may be the same, the treatments are very different.

A repair shop should not only eyeball the brakes to see what’s wrong but also measure the thickness of the pads and rotors and whether they’re evenly worn. Manufacturers have different recommendations for when brake pads should be replaced, but as a guideline, some shops recommend new ones when only 20 percent of the original thickness remains. Others say it’s necessary when the pad is down to 3/32 of an inch. New pads can range from about 3/8 to half an inch, depending on the vehicle.

If you’re worried that a repair shop is trying to take advantage of you by recommending brake service you don’t need, first get a detailed explanation of what they say you need (ask them to show you the worn parts, as well), then get a second opinion.

Meaning lead foot versus slow and steady

Trying to put a time or mileage limit on how long brake pads and rotors should last is harder than trying to predict what kind of gas mileage you should expect. Brake life depends on how much we drive, where we drive (think city versus highway) and how we drive (meaning lead foot versus slow and steady).

Related: Brake Pads: What You Need to Know

As a guideline, brakes will wear out much faster if most of your driving is in a major urban area where stop-and-go is the rule, as opposed to those who spend most of their miles on the open road, where they might not touch the brake pedal for an hour or more.

If you drive in Boston, New York City or Chicago and spend more time stopping than going, you could need new brake pads every 15,000 miles. If you live in western Iowa and commute from Moville to Holstein, your pads could last three or four times that.

But if you’re a driver who frequently applies the brakes when it isn’t necessary — or even drives with one foot on the gas pedal and the other on the brake — it might not matter where you live. Your brakes are going to wear out sooner than later.

If you own a hybrid or electric vehicle, your brakes should last longer because the regenerative brake systems they use provide much of the stopping power, reducing wear on the pads and rotors. In addition, applying the brakes early for a slow, gradual stop doesn’t increase brake wear, and it helps recharge the batteries for powering the electric motor. Some hybrid owners say their pads and rotors have lasted more than 80,000 miles.

Brakes wear gradually, so you might not notice a mild but steady degradation in stopping ability, or that the pedal goes farther down when you apply the brakes (which is one sign that the pads are worn).

Your ears can help. Turn off the stereo and listen when you apply the brakes. Squeals, squeaks and rattles are indications that your brakes need attention, though they don’t necessarily mean you need new pads or rotors. A metal-to-metal grinding sound, on the other hand, probably means your pads are worn down so far that it’s well past time to replace them.

Because brakes are so important, monitor their condition instead of waiting for something to go wrong. For example, some rotors can be resurfaced for far less than it would cost to replace them if you don’t wait until they’re too far gone and have to be scrapped.

After the first year or so of driving a new car, it’s a good idea to have the brakes inspected at each oil change. Repair shops can measure pad thickness as well as check the condition of the rotors, calipers and associated hardware, the brake fluid and give you a status report.

The reason that you need check at a glance

Most cars have see-through reservoirs for brake fluid under the hood so that owners can check at a glance to make sure it’s at the proper level. That, however, tells you nothing about the condition of the fluid.

Brake fluid absorbs water over time, particularly in areas with high humidity, when moisture seeps through rubber hoses and seals. Water reduces the boiling point of brake fluid, and in situations that put high demands on your brakes — such as mountain driving, towing or making repeated hard stops — the fluid can become so hot that it impairs stopping ability or causes temporary loss of braking power.

Because of this, some manufacturers recommend changing your brake fluid as often as every two years. Others have longer intervals, and some make no recommendation about changing brake fluid. Owners should consult their car’s owner’s manual to see what the manufacturer recommends. If you’re unsure what to do, consult a repair shop and ask them to test your brake fluid.

One sign that your brake fluid is contaminated with water is that your brake pedal will have more travel than normal; that could also be a sign that your fluid level is low, the brake pads are worn or there’s air in your brake lines. Because the same symptom can suggest a variety of issues, having a trusted mechanic perform a thorough diagnosis is your best course of action. Seasoned mechanics can usually tell if fluid needs changing, as it will be dark and murky; if in doubt, ask your mechanic for more proof than an eyeball test.

Though some repair shops use maintenance or repair visits as an opportunity to sell additional services, that doesn’t mean you should dismiss a sales pitch for fresh brake fluid. In addition to affecting brake performance, water in the brake fluid can also cause corrosion over time. Down the road, you may need to replace rusted components in your brake system.

Do You Need to Change My Brake Fluid

The recommended intervals for changing brake fluid are all over the board depending on the manufacturer, from as often as every two years to never. Really.

Related: Can Brake Fluid Go Bad?

For example, Chevrolet says to change the brake fluid on most models every 45,000 miles, but Honda says to do it every three years regardless of the vehicle’s mileage. Three years is also the recommended interval for most Volkswagens, but Mercedes-Benz vehicles typically call for fresh fluid every two years or 20,000 miles. In contrast, on the Ford Escape, Hyundai Elantra, Toyota Camry and other models from those manufacturers, there are no recommendations for replacing the brake fluid, only instructions to inspect it periodically.

This leaves it up to the owner to consult what the manufacturer says in their car’s maintenance schedule and rely on the advice of a trusted repair shop.

Brake fluid lives in a sealed system and can survive for years, but moisture from the surrounding air can work its way in through hoses and other parts of the brake system. Water in the brake lines lowers the boiling point of the fluid, so stopping ability can diminish in hard stops as heat in the system increases. In addition, over time the moisture can cause internal corrosion in the brake lines, calipers, the master cylinder and other components.

Flushing and replacing brake fluid might cost $100 or less on many vehicles, but replacing rusted brake lines and other parts can run several hundreds of dollars, so clearly there’s value in keeping up with maintenance. As a rule of thumb, it’s wise to have the brake fluid inspected and perhaps tested for moisture content every few years and no more than every five if you live in a high-humidity area.

You might be able to tell it’s time for a change by looking to see if the fluid is still fresh. Brake fluid is often light brown in color, but in some vehicles it’s clear (at least when new) and will darken with age, becoming murky from water contamination. A better way is to have it tested by a professional for moisture and see what they recommend.

Brake fluid is as vital to stopping a vehicle as engine oil is to keeping it going, but it doesn’t get as much attention as it deserves.

Most owners are preoccupied with getting the most money possible

When it comes time to sell a car, most owners are preoccupied with getting the most money possible. You’ve invested a great deal in your car, and it’s understandable that you want to get the money you deserve. Unfortunately, cost isn’t the only concern you should have when selling your car. As scammers become more advanced, it’s easy to find yourself in a scary situation if you’re not careful. Keeping yourself safe when selling your car is simple with these essential tips, so do your due diligence and sell your car to the right buyer for the right price.

Always Meet in a Public Place
Once you’ve connected with a buyer and you’ve decided to meet up, make sure you always do so in a well-lit, well-populated place. Grocery store parking lots in the middle of the day work wonderfully, and will decrease the risk of a violent car theft; more witnesses should scare off most scammers looking to take your vehicle by force. Never have a buyer come to your home; you don’t want to give a would-be criminal the chance to case your home and return later on.

Don’t Accept Checks
Car scammers often hand over a bad check to gain a free car. Tell buyers that you’ll accept cash only. If that limits your pool of buyers, there are a few ways to ensure you get what you’re owed. Call a trusted bank to verify the funds before handing over the keys or telling a buyer that you’ll deposit the check and then give them the keys when the funds have cleared. A common sign of a fraudulent check? Offering to pay more than you’re asking for the car. If you have to ask yourself : “Who would buy my car for more than its true value?” chances are they’re attempting to rip you off.
Be Wary About Test Drives
It’s understandable and expected that a potential buyer will ask for a test drive before purchasing your vehicle. However, this gives the nefarious scammer the perfect opportunity to steal your car. Always have a friend with you, and be sure to go along for the test drive. Also be sure to request their driver’s license and have a scanned copy on hand. With their license you can scan their public record for a criminal history check, which will tell you whether or not a test drive is a good idea.

Know Your Car’s Worth
Private buyers will often attempt to haggle with you about the price of your vehicle, telling boldfaced lies that your car’s book value is much lower than you think it is. They may bring a mechanic with them to check out the car; this mechanic may then turn around and tell you the car has numerous issues and isn’t worth as much as you expected. Avoid this by using a car valuator tool like Kelley Blue Book and have it checked out by your own trusted mechanic. Walk into the negotiation knowing the worth of what you’re offering and don’t buckle against their claims to the contrary.

Are you plan jointly organized by China Electroplating Association

Jointly organized by China Electroplating Association, China Surface Engineering Association Painting of Branch, Guangdong Surface Engineering Association, Guangdong Coating Industry Association and Wise Exhibition, SF EXPO is one of the worldwide most professional and influential surface finishing exhibition. It is scheduled to 17-19 May 2017 in Guangzhou Poly World Trade Center. SF EXPO formally adopted by the Global Association of the Exhibition Industry -UFI in 2012, and its organizer became the member of UFI.

SF EXPO 2015 attracted 13748 visitors and 289 exhibitors from 38 countries and regions. It was the largest and highest level of SF EXPO ever. A lot of well known brands are SF EXPO regular exhibitors, for example Atotech, UYEMURA, Surtec, Fischer, Conventya, JCU, Chemetall, Norilsk, Chuanfu, JadSF EXPO 2015 attracted 13748 visitors and 289 exhibitors from 38 countries and regions. It was echem, Huachuang, PAT, Qingfeng, Harvar, SATA, Lesta, ENECON, SPONGE, Thermoreacteur, Alutherm, GRACO, Magni, Huali, Pentatomic, ICETECH, NEHA CHEM, SHINDE CHEMICALS.

For more than a decade, SF EXPO has been committed to building a professional exhibition platform for surface finishing equipment and material suppliers and users. To maximize the exhibiting and visiting results, serial concurrent events such as conference, seminars and summit are organized in every session.
Close Interaction with Industry Elites

SF EXPO has started exhibition preparation in early July of 2016, having visited many surface finishing companies and downstream enterprises such as automobile and parts companies around Pearl River Delta region. In September, after meeting with global industry researchers, professionals and association leaders in Interfinish 2016, the organizing committee has settled cooperation with NASF and SSEA which will support SF EXPO 2017 by organizing visiting group from Southeast Asia.

In October, the 2016 annual meeting of China Surface Engineering Association Painting of Branch gave a perfect opportunities to promote SF EXPO among over 100 association members. The association has confirmed that the chairman expansion meeting will be scheduled concurrently on SF EXPO 2017.

On 13 November, SF EXPO organizing team met more than 80 aluminum surface finishing companies in the 7th Guangdong Aluminum Processing Technology (International) Seminar in Foshan, which was attended by 600 companies. Its organizer – Guangdong Provincial Nonferrous Metals Society Aluminum Processing Committee is also the co-organizer of SF EXPO 2017, to host Aluminum Surface Technology Seminar. Therefore, aluminum visiting group will also be invited to SF EXPO 2017 in May.

Surface finishing demands in South China Market

As the most prosperous city in South China and the host city of SF EXPO, Guangzhou has superior location, adjacent to Hongkong, Macao and Taiwan and ASEAN Region, together with cities Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Dongguan, Foshan, Huizhou, Zhongshan, Jiangmen and Zhaoqin, establishing a the most prosperous manufacturing center in China — Pearl River Delta , which covers a wide range of surface finishing related industries including automobile & parts, home appliance, furniture, machinery, lighting, toy, lock, digital products, telecommunication, electronic products, PCB, hardware, and aluminum.

Manufacturing giants such as Huawei, Midea, BYD, Gree, Foxconn, GAC Group, Galanz, TCL and a great number of medium and small enterprises show great demands for surface finishing technologies and products. Therefore, Guangzhou has a extremely strong industrial background to hold surface finishing exhibition.

On 17 October, Guangzhou government has passed an implementation plan for building Guangzhou as the international industrial base of auto parts. The government will fund 2.5 billion to build five new industrial parks in Panyu, Zengcheng, Huadu, Nansha and Conghua on the basis of current status, specially target for building auto parts manufacturing and exporting base, national auto parts cluster of new energy and intelligent cars. The plan expects the production value to increase by 200 billion in 2020, and localize key parts to 80%. As for new auto parts companies, the government will provide a fund maximum 50 million. Apart from the above five industrial parks, Zhaoqing and Meizhou are also selected to develop traditional auto parts industry. Surface finishing service will become fairly appealing to auto parts companies in Pearl River Delta.

Change Engine Coolant Tips

For some vehicles, you’re advised to change the coolant every 30,000 miles. For others, changing the coolant isn’t even on the maintenance schedule.

For example, Hyundai says the coolant (what many refer to as “antifreeze”) in most of its models should be replaced after the first 60,000 miles, then every 30,000 miles after that. The interval is every 30,000 miles on some Mercedes-Benz models, but on others it’s 120,000 miles or 12 years. On still other Mercedes, it’s 150,000 miles or 15 years.

Related: More Car Service Advice

Some manufacturers recommend changing the coolant more often on vehicles subjected to “severe service,” such as frequent towing. The schedule for many Chevrolets, though, is to change it at 150,000 miles regardless of how the vehicle is driven.

Many service shops, though — including some at dealerships that sell cars with “lifetime” coolant — say you should do it more often than the maintenance schedule recommends, such as every 30,000 or 50,000 miles.

Here’s why: Most vehicles use long-life engine coolant (usually a 50/50 mixture of antifreeze and water) that for several years will provide protection against boiling in hot weather and freezing in cold weather, with little or no maintenance. Modern vehicles also have longer intervals between fluid changes of all types partly because environmental regulators have pressured automakers to reduce the amount of waste fluids that have to be disposed of or recycled.

Coolant can deteriorate over time and should be tested to see if it’s still good, as it can be hard to tell just by appearances. Even if testing shows the cooling and antifreeze protection are still adequate, antifreeze can become more acidic over time and lose its rust-inhibiting properties, causing corrosion.

Corrosion can damage the radiator, water pump, thermostat and other parts of the cooling system, so the coolant in a vehicle with more than about 50,000 miles should be tested periodically. That’s to look for signs of rust and to make sure it has sufficient cooling and boiling protection, even if the cooling system seems to be working properly. It can be checked with test strips that measure acidity, and with a hydrometer that measures freezing and boiling protection.

If the corrosion inhibitors have deteriorated, the coolant should be changed. The cooling system might also need to be flushed to remove contaminants no matter what the maintenance schedule calls for or how many miles are on the odometer. On the other hand, if testing shows the coolant is still doing its job and not allowing corrosion, changing it more often than what the manufacturer recommends could be a waste of money.

Trust In Car Connectivity

Technology continues to develop at lightning speeds. Everything you didn’t know you wanted to do while driving is either already possible or in development. Yetglossy screens and touch interfaces are only part of the modern concept of the connected car. Consumers want to be confident that these state-of-the-art deviceshave an actual purpose, and trust theycan be relied upon to not become mere nuisances.

The Current State of Connected-Car Hardware

Presenters at the Connected Cars Europe 2017 conference in Brussels stressed that to ensure the connected car experience is successful, a solid infrastructure or ecosystem of all parties involved in the connected mobility service industry must be created. The concern is that the lack of such a cohesive system (i.e. applications, services/solutions, networks, data, etc.), will limit the possibilities. Working together is critical.

Driverless cars may or may not be in the immediate future – the current automation levels of most cars today are only 0 to 1 (with 5 considered complete automation). Tesla, for example, is developing cars at level 3, possibly 4. But true automation is not just with one car, by itself, it means cars can connect to other cars around them. And ‘talking cars’ are not just for technology sake;instead, this constant state of being ON is required to ensure safety.

Consider a potential ‘conversation’between cars on the road: V21, V2C, V2V, V2P (Vehicle to Network/Vehicle to Vehicle/Vehicle to Pedestrian, respectively) are all possible onboard connections. The next step in mobility is C-V2X – essentiallygiving the vehicle the ability to connect to everything. This could mean when a car is skidding on ice and it alerts cars behind it of this as a warning.

The Next Next Generation

It means that collaboration between various connected applications must be an ongoing and conscious decision, but what slows down transmissions is the time it takes them to move through networks. While some companies within the industry are developing innovative interfaces, others, such as HPE and the 5G Lab in Germany are analysingdata to develop higher-performing systems. The faster the systems can process the information, the faster the applications can complete the task, creating higher level mobile connectivity systems.

Speed of operation is but one part of the future of mobile connectivity. Usefulness is the other. Users must get something out of it for them to want to invest it themselves. Novelty can only go so far,and exciting bells and whistles in cars become like nails on a chalkboard in terms of annoyance if these systems don’t really have a function or fail tofunction properly.

Consumer trust in the automotive industryis tested through all the gadgets put into their cars. If simple features constantly break, consumers rightly begin to question the viability of supposedlyaccident-proof driverless cars. Understandablywhen it comes to cars that are driving themselves, not even one accident is acceptable – it undermines the whole purpose of these cars.

Sorry, I Was Distracted by the Bright Flashing Lights

So we have now come full circle back to the notion of consumers wanting to be able to rely on and trust the connected systems within their cars. These need to be seamless additions that function as well as the more critical parts of the car (e.g. engine, brake, exterior strength of the vehicle, etc.).

Currently, widely available connected car systems are more about flashy screens and less about functionality. Data is streaming all around and being shared, butnot all consumers are content with this current system. It’s not helped by the separate nature of companies developing their own mobile systems without much notice of others, meaning more time will be needed later onto link these units together.

Manufacturing Companies In The World

The automobile (automotive companies) sector has mushroomed over the years into a mature and well established industry. Innovation and manufacturing of vehicles has helped the industry to grow into a profitable one. Automobile companies have contributed significantly to the development of the world’s economy by creating jobs paying lots of taxes and earning loads of foreign exchange. There are several automobile manufacturing companies in the world that produces vehicles in a large quantity.

Here we have listed the top 10 largest automobile manufacturing companies in the world.

1) Tata Motors:
Tata Motors is the Asia’s largest and 17th largest automobile manufacturing company in the world. This company is known for its production of cars, trucks, vans, coaches and so on. Tata Motors record the highest sales and is widely popular across the country in 2017.

This company is passionate about anticipating and providing the best commercial and passenger vehicles globally as well as the best customer experiences.

Key facts:

TATA MOTORS Established 1945
Employee Strength 60,000
Company Turnover $42 Billion
Vehicles Sold >9 Million
Sales & Service Points >6, 600

Tata Motors can be found on and off-road in over 175 countries around the globe. Cars, buses and trucks of Tata Motors roll out at 20 locations across the world, seven in India and the rest in the UK, South Korea, Thailand, South Africa and Indonesia.

2) Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd:
Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd is a US $19 billion global federation of companies. This company is the world’s largest tractor manufacturing company and also India’s second largest vehicle manufacturing company. Mahindra & Mahindra is India’s top SUV manufacturing company that produce two wheelers, bus, pickup, tempo, trucks, and commercial vehicles.

This company commits to invest in technology and grow global presence. Mahindra & Mahindra aims to multiply output both in quantity and quality with a major focus on manufacturing excellence. This company has created several industry-leading and category-defining brands.